Illustration was always considered as the art of creating images that accompanied the text. That term originated from the invention of the printing press, where illustrations made with xylography accompanied the writings during the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Some great artists who worked the illustration were Rembrandt Van Rijn, Alberto Durero, among others. In the 18th century, artists such as Eugene Delacroix and Gustave Doré appeared, representatives of an important period for the cultural development of that century, where the number of publications increased considerably and, therefore, various illustrative techniques accompanying these texts were also developed.
Thanks to advances in technology and tools, the work of the illustrator was facilitated. At the end of the 15th century, woodcutting was replaced by chalcography, which was able to reproduce images of good quality. Finally, lithography consolidated its hegemony as a method of production in recent centuries. In this area, one could cite Toulouse Lautrec who developed this technique at the end of the 19th century and whose works, up to the present, constitute a source of inspiration for artists who now use digital media and other tools to carry out their work.
Contemporary artists use various artistic techniques to create their works. There are those who use digital painting and watercolor, like Samuel Araya. In the international arena we can mention Frank Frazetta, from the United States, and Vicente Segrelles, from Spain, who work with both traditional and digital techniques.
Among the modern techniques of illustration is photomontage. The photomontage is also considered a type of collage, since it goes through the same procedure of cutting and pasting, superimposing the images and making retouching until the final result. Some contemporary artists use this technique, such as SilviaGallart, a graphic designer who retouches her photos to create Pop culture art.
Undoubtedly, digital technology brought a series of characteristics common to all the traditional means of producing images, showing a reality far removed from the revolutionary concept that at first sight could give rise to, a great exponent been Super 250. The digital illustration would fulfil the same function of creating images that graph the texts, only that the works are created from a computer, using computer programs manipulating the mouse or the tablet.
Even so, although it is based on proposals put forward by the other arts, its nature also separates it from all of them, generating a reinterpretation of traditional artistic forms. Therefore, it could be said that digital illustration became an emerging form of art that uses both the techniques of traditional painting and the application of digital tools such as Luca Bermudez’s art.